Climate Insecurities in Indonesia: Implications and Challenges for Defence Transformation

This paper seeks to accomplish three broad objectives. First, to identify and assess key climate insecurities and vulnerabilities in Indonesia. Second, to further explore the ramifications of these insecurities for the Indonesian National Defense Forces (TNI) at the strategic, institutional and operational levels. Such assessment is crucial considering that the military has to deal with many of the security implications of climate change taking place today and in the future. And finally, to assess how such climate insecurities could be considered and formulated to be one of the key driving forces for the TNI’s ongoing defense reform process.

The paper was published as  MacArthur Asia Security Initiative Policy Paper Series No. 16 (download full paper here)